May 29, 2023

An absence of requirements for restore and substitute of EV battery packs might result in increased insurance coverage premiums, based on a current Reuters report (through Automotive Information).

Battery packs can signify as much as 50% of an EV’s price ticket, usually making it uneconomical to exchange them, based on the report. And whereas there is no such thing as a normal process for addressing broken battery packs, it is extra frequent to exchange fairly than restore. In some instances that might result in comparatively new autos being “totaled” by insurance coverage firms over minor harm.

Automaker insurance policies on repairability of battery packs range, the report discovered. Ford stated particular person battery modules could possibly be changed, and stated it had developed a better method to change the battery pack tray if the skin is broken. Nissan and Renault additionally stated modules could possibly be changed with out junking the entire pack, however indicated this might solely be executed at dealerships or different manufacturer-associated services.

Polestar 2 battery pack

Stellantis stated it doesn’t restore batteries after crashes the place the airbags deploy, whereas the structural pack in newer variations of the Tesla Mannequin Y, utilizing 4680-format cells, cannot be repaired, based on the report.

Repairability may also be a difficulty with cell-to-pack tech that skips the modules for efficiency and energy-density features. Chinese language battery agency CATL is beginning to supply it to automakers, beginning with Geely’s Zeekr model, and doubtlessly increasing to future Hyundai, Kia, and Genesis fashions. Chinese language startup Beta Auto goals to advance the idea with cell-to-chassis purposes, though to date no firm has introduced plans to make use of both configuration in U.S.-market autos.

Common Motors stated its new Ultium battery packs are designed to be repaired on the module degree, and it has beforehand boasted that its wi-fi battery administration system and pack construction will permit new cell designs with out redesigning the pack—and it’d allow less complicated pack restore.

Whereas automakers cannot agree on whether or not a battery pack must be repaired or changed, they’re steadily coalescing round recycling these packs and their valuable supplies once they have actually reached the top of their helpful lives. GM has named Canada’s Li-Cycle as official recycler for Ultium battery cells, whereas Ford, Toyota, and the Volkswagen Group’s Audi and VW manufacturers have partnered with Redwood Supplies.